Monarchy and Monad

Ancient Egyptian history and long Chinese history can be clearly interpreted as the history of the rise and fall of monarchies; on the other hand, Western history can be understood as a pendulum which swang, having monarchy as an axis, between two poles of the material-oriented people-glorified age and the ideology-oriented monotheism-dominating age. Direct democracies seen in ancient cities were destroyed by the blind populace, and after the absolute monachies which were maintained by Roman emperors, there arrived the Middle Ages, which were centuries of God having the popes as mediators. Then Crusade caused the stream to turn back, and the theory of the divine right of kings gave absolute monarchism a chance to flourish again, and then individualistic anarchism appeared after tumultuous revolutions. The one who embodied the situation by putting color-dots evenly on canvas was a pointillist Seurat.

But let us stop and think: Anarchism's condition as non-structuralism ought to be as primitive as to react easily to any biological impulses. It was the very monarchy made by blood relatives that appeared as the result of the law of the jungle and gene's self-expanding reproduction function through generation. Monarchs, like an emperor portrayed by Arcimboldo, took all existing things in their empires as the structural elements (dots), and formed an unbroken line of sovereigns.

Ubiquitous coexistence of self-awareness of reductionistic arbitrariness, which is the characteristic of the 20th century's art and science, and its converse, tautology, suggests nothing but another Socratism itself which incarnates anarchism as cynicism. It is the age of the blind populace, but a material atom in atomism originally has no meaning in itself. Can this no-meaningness be re-integrated into a meaningful red circle by blood?

The following two exactly correspond, that is, that Archimedes who discovered mensuration by replacing the jaggie with points of inflection and tangents was a disciple of an atomist Democritus, and that Leibniz, the founder of modern infinitesimal calculus, invented a binary-system calculator and advocated monadology, a theory on a monad which well corresponded to a spiritual atom. Picture elements of bitmap CG restart to restore meaning to an individual, reversely going by way of the materialization of integers by Leibniz and the fractionation of the world by Seurat. Democracy is not self-evident.